Barbarea verna (Mill.) Ascherson - Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket

Barbarea verna plant

Family - Brassicaceae


Barbarea verna stem


Barbarea verna basal leavesBasal leaves.

Barbarea verna cauline leavesCauline leaves.




Barbarea verna flowers

Flowering - March - June.

Habitat - Disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads, waste ground.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other information - This introduced species can be found mainly in the eastern portion of the state. The plant is easy to identify because of its pinnately divided leaves, glabrous stems, and bright yellow flowers. Another species B. vulgaris R.Br. is similar but has many fewer leaf divisions than B. verna.
The genus is named for Saint Barbara. She lived and died around 300 A.D. and was actually killed by her own father for being a christian. Her father was promptly struck by lightning and consumed by fire on his way home after killing his daughter.
The species epithet, verna, is Latin for "spring", which is when this species blooms.

Alabama Distribution:

Barbarea verna map

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 4-5-03.

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