Staphylea trifolia L. - American Bladdernut

Staphylea trifolia plant

Family - Staphyleaceae

Stems:

Staphylea trifolia stem

Leaves:

N/A

Inflorescence:

N/A

Flowers:

Staphylea trifolia flowers

Staphylea trifolia fruitsDeveloping fruits.

Flowering - March - April.

Habitat - Rich woods, streambanks, swamp forests, lake margins.

Origin - Native to North America.

Other information - This attractive shrub can be found mainly in the northern half of Alabama. The plant can be identified by its opposite, trifoliate leaves and inflated fruits. This is a shrubby species but plants in the south can get large with trunks to 15cm in diameter.
The genus name Staphylea derives from the Greek "staphyl" meaning "a bunch of grapes" or "a cluster" referring to the flowers.
The species epithet derives from the Latin "tri" meaning "three" and "foli" meaning "a leaf" referring to the three leaflets of each leaf.

Alabama Distribution:

Staphylea trifolia map

Photographs taken in Columbia, MO., 4-15-04 and 5-22-04.


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